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All in one the 4th AM Program summarizing

All in one the 4th AM Program summarizing Past simple: (finished actions, used with adv. Yesterday, last, ago….(all pro:

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قديم 01-21-2015, 02:08 PM #1
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All in one the 4th AM Program summarizing



Past simple: (finished actions, used with adv. Yesterday, last, ago….(all pro: I she he it they we you))


I – Regular verbs: s + v + ed *negative: s + did not + v (inf) Ex: I arrived *neg: I did not arrive.

II – irregular verbs: s + v(list) *negative: s + did not + v (inf) Ex: I spoke *neg: I did not speak.

Did not = didn't

"wh" questions except Who  Wh + did + s + v(inf) + ?

Past continuous: (not finished actions in past, used with: while, all the day, as soon as, when…….)

s + (was/were) + v + ing * negative: s + (was/were) + not + v+ ing

Was not = wasn't ; were not = weren't

"wh" questions  Wh + (was/were) + s + v + ing ?

Present perfect: (past actions continue in present, used with: for, since, already, just…..)

s + (have/has) + past participle (v) *neg: s + (have/has) + not + past participle (v)

Ex: It has rained since Friday *neg: It has not rained since Friday.

Has not = hasn't ; have not = haven't

"wh" questions  Wh + (have/has) + s + past participle (v) +?

Present simple: (Daily routine actions, used with: always, often, every, sometimes, usually, never)

I – ( I, they, we, you ): s + v(inf) *negative : s + do + not Ex : we go *neg: we do not go.

II – (she, he, it): s + v + s  most of verbs * s + does + not +v(inf); Ex: he eats – he does not eat

es  verbs ending (o, sh, ch, s, x) ; Ex: she goes *neg: she does not go.

ies y after consonant ; Ex: it tries *neg: it does not try.

Do not = don't ; does not = doesn't

"wh" questions except Who  Wh + (do / does) + s + v(inf) + ?

Present continuous: (not finished actions in present, used with: now, at this moment …)

s + (am/is/are) + v + ing * negative: s + (am/is/are) + not + v+ ing

is not = isn't ; are not = aren't

"wh" questions  Wh + (am/is/are) + s + v + ing + ?

Simple future: (future actions, used with adv. tomorrow, next …….

s + (will /shall) + v(inf) *negative: s + (will /shall) + not + v(inf) Ex: I 'll leave *neg: I will not leave.

Will not = won't ; I will = I'll

"wh" questions  Wh + (will/shall) + s + v + ?

* Sometimes we use "going to" to express intentions: Ex: I'm going to visit Ghardia next summer.

We can join simultaneous actions using past continuous using: while, as, when,

We can join not finished action (p.con) with a finished action (p.sim) using: while, as, when, suddenly

We were having lunch while it was raining out. / he was watching the news when his father came.

Expressing abilityAll in one the 4th AM Program summarizing frown.gifI know to do something): s +(can/could)+ v(inf) *neg: s +(can/could)+not+ v(inf)

Ex : when I was 3 years, I couldn't run fat but now I can do it. Could not = couldn't, can not=can't

Expressing obligation /necessity: s + must + v(inf) *neg: s + must + not + v(inf) must not=mustn't

Sana is ill. She must stay in bed.

Expressing (possibility/permission/suggestions) : s + (may/might)+v(inf)

*neg: …(may/might) + not + v(inf) ex : He might be right  he might not be right

Conditional type 1: We use the first conditional to talk about things that are possible in the future.

If + verb in present simple…, …(will/will not) Ex: if it rains, I will stay at home

It contains the if clause and the result

Conditional type 2: We use the second conditional to talk about the present, and to image something, totally different from the real situation now or in the future. If +...verb in past simple,…would/wouldn't

Ex: if I knew the answer, I would tell you.

Comparison form: We use it to compare two things.

1 – Short adjectives: ….(to be) + adj + er + than +……English is easier than French. (adj : easy )

2 – Long adjectives: …(to be) + more+ adj + than +… She is more nervous than me. (adj. nervous)

3 – Irregular adjectives: …(to be) + better/worse/further + than +…

Good  better than , bad  worse than , far  further than

Superlative form: We use it to compare one thing with its category/type.

1 – Short adjectives: ….(to be) + the + adj + est + ……Sudan is the largest country in Africa. (large)

2 – Long adjectives: …(to be) + the + most + adj + … lion is the most dangerous animal(dangerous)

3 – Irregular adjectives: …(to be) + the + best/worst/ furthest +…

Good  the best , bad  the worst , far  the furthest


To be Past simple Present simple Simple future To do Past s Present s. future

I am was will/shall be I do did will/shall do

He is was will be He does did will do

She is was will be She does did will do

It is was will be It does did will do

They are were will be They do did will do

We are were will/shall be We do did will do

You are were will be You do did will do

To have Past simple Present simple Simple future

I have had will/shall have

He has had will have

She has had will have

It has had will have

They have had will have

We have had will/shall have

You have had will have

Regular plurals:

Noun + s ( most of nouns) Ex: book  books, girl  girls

Noun + es (noun ends with: o, s, sh, ch, x) Ex: box  boxes, bus  buses, brush brushes….

Nouns + ies (noun ends with y after consonant) Ex: city  cities , country  countries….

Nouns + ves ( noun ends with f /fe) wolf  wolves wife  wives ……

Irregular plurals:

Manmen, womanwomen, childchildren, Footfeet, teethtooth, ox oxen, mousemice

Fish  fish, people  people,
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