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First term English exam Scientific streams 3AS

First term English exam Scientific streams 3AS First term English exam Scientific streams Time: 2 hours

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قديم 11-05-2014, 03:54 PM #1
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تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2013
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First term English exam Scientific streams 3AS



First term English exam Scientific streams

Time: 2 hours

1- Read the text carefully then do the activities ( 15 pts)
Although businesses don’t consciously set out to harm the environment, several factors create an unfortunate situation, which in many cases is worse than it needs to be. First, large businesses and industries are inherently imposing on nature. They take pieces of nature and reshape them into things that didn’t exist before, such as automobiles, skyscrapers, television sets and shopping malls. Not only are the end products artificial, and in that sense unnatural, but the means of producing these things are taxing on natural resources. Second, it is easy to disregard natural resources that are held in common and seem abundant, such as air and water. It doesn’t seem wrong to pollute the air if, technically, no one owns the air and the particular damage that I do isn’t too noticeable. Environmentalists sometimes refer to this phenomenon as a tragedy of the commons, that is, a disaster that happens to things that are held in common. Given the size and complexity of businesses in industrial countries, such as the US, it is not surprising that they contribute heavily to this tragedy.

Third, businesses are driven by the motive to make a profit. Stockholders demand a return on their investment, and part of making a profit is to reduce costs, and environmental responsibility is highly costly, with few immediate financial rewards. Finally, government environmental watchdog agencies, such as the Environmental Protection Agency, are limited in what they can do in imposing restrictions on businesses. To protect their financial interests, businesses lobby for support at all levels of government, and agencies such as the EPA must be politically compromising.


comprehension
1- what type of text is the reading passage:
a- narrative b-expository c-argumentative
2- say whether the following statements are true or false according to the text.
a- Businesses are unconscious about the environment ………
b- Industrial countries contribute a great deal in environmental pollution ………..
c- Businesses spend less money environmental issues than it is required ………..
d- Environmental agencies are more powerful than business lobbies …………
3- what the underlined words refer to:
They take pieces ………………………………
they contribute ………………………………..
they can do ………………………………………
4- in which paragraph is it mentioned that:
a- Natural resources are being neglected by businesses ………………
b- Businesses try to influence government officials to protect their interests …………..
5- answer the following questions
- What factors lead businesses to harm the environment?
…………………………………………� �…………………………………………� ��………………………………………… …………
- Explain a “tragedy of commons”?
…………………………………………� �…………………………………………� ��………………………………………… …………

Text exploration:
1- match the words with their meanings:
A B
1/ disregard
2/ abundant
3/ tragedy
4/ noticeable a/ plentiful
b/ obvious
c/ ignore

d/ catastrophe

2- Join the following sentences using the words between brackets:
a- The system of law is well implemented , companies avoid fraud actions (because of)
b- EPA will be able to stop environmental abuses, they have more power (provided that)
3- imagine what B says and complete the following dialogue.
A: yesterday’s report was really interesting, I think Greenpeace protestors are in fact courageous


B: …………………………………………� �………………
A: they went to a test site in UK and destroyed all genetically modified crops.
B: …………………………………………� �………………
A: sorry I don’t quite agree with you, they are simply trying to protect our environment as well as our health.
4- complete this table with these words: agencies / factors / things / skyscrapers
/s/ /z/ /iz/




Written expression
Choose only one topic:
Topic one: you have been asked to write an article for your school magazine about fraud and the consequences of fake goods and uncontrolled import.
You may use the following notes.
- Unethical / immoral / illegal business
- Affects people’s health / economy of the country
- Loss of money / taxes not paid
Topic two:
Write an opinion essay in favour of investing in socially responsible businesses
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